What does “seen” mean? | Explains the difference between “seen” and “seen” and honorific expressions

This article explains in detail the meaning and usage of the word “seen” . “Seen” is a passive (passive) verb with the auxiliary verb “reru” added to “seen”. Generally, it is often used to show speculation in analysis reports and research papers.

It is not often used in everyday conversation, but it is often used in business scenes such as material explanations, analysis reports, and presentations. Please take this opportunity to master the correct meaning and usage of “seen” and use it to develop a better business

Meaning and usage of “seen”

“Seen” is a word that adds the auxiliary verb “reru” to the negative form “seen” of the verb “seen” .

“See” is a verb that means “see”, “see”, “see and judge”, etc. “Reru” is an auxiliary verb that gives a passive, spontaneous, or possible meaning to a verb.

“Seen” expresses the following meaning as the passive voice of “seeing”.

  • “As far as I can see, I can judge like”

It is a usage that adds the meaning of passive and possible to “see”, and means “as far as (data and situations available) can be seen, it can be judged as …” .

  • “We can infer the essence of being hidden behind the visible situation.”
  • The second is very similar to the meaning of the first, but it is a guess that considers the speaker’s subjectivity and speculation in depth, such as “judged from the information seen by the eyes” and “feels like”. I will .
  • “It catches your eye” “It can be seen”

The third is simply synonymous with “visible.” It is a euphemistic use of the fact that “I saw something like this,” “I had something like this ,” and “I noticed this ,” rather than judgement or speculation .

The difference between “seen” and “seen”


The etymology of “seeing” in the active voice of “seeing” is “seeing” + “receiving”. In this case, “receive” means “receive (visual information) to make a judgement or guess.” “Seeing” adds “judgement and guessing” to “what I saw” and “what caught my eye”.

On the other hand, “seeing” the active voice of “seeing” also means “observing and judging” and “evaluating” , but there are also “visual recognition”, “seeing”, “examining”, and “reading”. It is a word with various meanings such as “know” and “experience” .

The difference between “seen” and “seen” is the same, and “seen” has more meaning than “seen”, and the expression “seen” is almost synonymous with “seen”. It is used in various expressions until it is judged to be.

The difference between “seen” and “seen”

Also, if you use “seen” to mean “judged to”, it will have a slightly euphemistic nuance. On the other hand, the nuance of “seen” is somewhat assertive.

The difference between “seen” and “seen”

“Can be seen” means “can be judged as”, “understood as”, “can be read as”, and so on. It can be said to be a synonym for “seen”, but in terms of nuances, “seen” is an expression that gives an old-fashioned impression.

How to use “seen” in business

Examples of business cases where the word “seen” is used include research reports such as meetings and presentations, and writing reports and dissertations based on materials. Both are expressions used when adding one’s own interpretation and consideration based on the survey results.

Originally, objectivity and accuracy are required for material analysis such as reports, dissertations, and presentations. Therefore, when showing the reporter’s own judgment, reasoning and consideration, the expression “seen” is often used to mean “estimate based on objective materials and facts.”

It can also be used to point out facts in a roundabout way. It can also be used to euphemistically point out negative facts, such as “Sales in the web marketing department seem to be lower than in the same period last year . ”

Honorific expressions and example sentences of “seen”

“Seen” can be used alone as a passive honorific expression, but if a clearer honorific expression is required, use it properly as “respectful”, “modest”, or “polite” according to the usage shown below. I can.

  • Honorific of “seen”: “seen”

“Seen” is an honorific word for “seen” and is used with the prefixes “o” and “suru” added. “Seen” looks like a double honorific because it resembles a passive honorific expression, but the correct answer for “seen” is “seen . ”

Example sentence of “seen”

The president seems to misunderstand me.

  • Humble word for “seen”: “seen”

Humble language is a usage that shows respect for the other person by being humble. The humble word “seen” is an active expression of “seen . ” In conversation, it is best to say “I see you” to clarify your intention to be humble.

Example sentence of “see”

The president does not seem to be feeling well these days.

  • Polite word for “seen”: “seen”

The polite word for “seen” is “seen. ” In recent years, there have been many ways to add “o” to say “you can see”, but since the passive “re” itself has the same form as the honorific, it is better to think of “you can see” as a double honorific. It will be good.

Example sentence of “can be seen”

Branches that have suffered poor performance earlier this month have some things in common.

Synonyms and example sentences of “seen”

Synonyms that have the same meaning as “seen” include “seeing,” “believing,” “seeing,” “seeing,” and “recognizing. ” The nuances of each are slightly different, so it’s best to choose the one that suits your situation.

By the way, “to infer” is a humble word of the word “to infer”, and the original meaning is “to infer based on specific information”, but in general, it is possible to infer the position and situation of the other party. It is often used as an honorific expression when caring for mood and physical condition.

Example sentence of “to worship”

Perhaps the president has read the financial statements of his business partners and immediately understands what a sharp drop in cash flow means.

English expression of “seen”

The literal translation of “seen” into English is “be seen”, but in this expression it is “seen by many people.” May be misunderstood as meaning.

If you want to translate “seen” into English in the sense of “guessing” or “interpreting”, it is better to use “infer”, “figure”, “speculate”, etc. to express it as follows.

  • I speculate that.

(To guess)

  • Guessing from this research result .

(Guessing from this survey result)

  • I can infer .

(Can be guessed like)

  • You can figure it out.

(You can also interpret it like)


  • “Seen” means “seen” or “as far as you can see” in the passive voice of “seen”.
  • “Seen” is used in business to add your own thoughts to survey results.
  • Synonyms for “seen” include “see”, “believe”, “worship”, “see”, and “accept”.
  • It is recommended to use words such as “infer”, “figure” and “speculate” to express “seen” in English.

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